- FEED SUPPLEMENTS
- PLANT CULTIVATION
«Celulad» - complex microbial-enzyme preparation, to accelerate the process of humification of plant residues, mineralization of nutrients and soil improvement.
Optimal conditions for the preparation: pH 5.0-7.0; temperature of 15-40°C, 60-70% soil moisture.
The preparation «Celulad» includes three strains of the fungus Trichoderma - Tr. viridie, Tr. harzianum, enhanced strain MT 17 and the fungus Trichoderma reesei conidia (spores), with a titer of 2•109 KOE living cells, metabolic products (Cl - Cellulase 1000 U/ml; C1 Cellulase 200 U/ml, plant hormones, antibiotics, vitamins, etc.).
Fungi of the genus Trichoderma - the most active and the most common destructors cellulose and lignin - the main components of dry crop residues, due to the production of the active complex cellulolytic enzymes. Also, they are active and effective antagonists gumifikatoramy many major pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases of plants, highlighting the large number of natural antibiotics. Due to the rapid propagation in the soil fungus Trichoderma suppresses the development of pathogenic organisms, showing efficient natural fungicidal activity against common plant pathogens: Alternaria, Pythium, Rhisoctonia, Helminthosporium, Fusarium, Verticillium, and the like. At the post-harvest residues fungus Trichoderma mycelium twist around its soil and root system of plants, and waste products, selected mycelium, are a valuable source of nutrients for plants and soil biota.
The rationale for the use of the preparation «Celulad»:
After harvesting grain yield of 4.5 t/ha, on the basis of the average is about 8 t/ha. residue (stubble, straw, chaff, roots) that utilize a fire or make the soil by adding ammonium nitrate at the rate of 30 kg physical weight for each ton of debris. Thus, per hectare should be made of 200 to 250 kg of ammonium nitrate, results in significant monetary costs per 1 ha. Also, the introduction of nitrate potentially solves only a matter of reducing nitrogen starvation plants following culture, but does not solve the complex problems of preserving fertility and soil health. Nitrogen in high doses, activates pathogenic microflora of the soil, which leads to higher costs for farmers HDN. However, the introduction of nitrogen into active substance from 60 kg \ ha negative effect on soil microflora suppressing it and leads to losses of nitrogen (leaching, denitrification, etc.). The use of microbial-enzyme preparation "Tselyulad" not only reduces the use of ammonium nitrate by 80%, allowing savings per 1 ha., But also promotes the formation of beneficial soil biota due to the biocide and oppressive actions against the pathogenic microflora of the soil and the acceleration growth processes of plants due to mineralization of nutrients vegetable residues and growth-regulating substances during the decomposition of organic material.
Studies conducted in the Vinnitsa State Agricultural Experiment Station, showed the effectiveness of the preparation "celulad" stubble in the No-Till. Using the preparation in the autumn months, it is important to be guided by the average daily temperature. If the average daily temperature is below +5°C, it is advisable to postpone the application of the preparation on the spring.
The technology of the preparation «Celulad»:
- For best results, make preparation for the harvest residues immediately after harvest.
- The residual field must be grinding (30-100 mm) and placed evenly over the area.
- The preparation is used at temperatures from +5°C to +45°C, in a period of low solar activity (18.00 - 10.00), or cloudy conditions.
- To be most effective and fast-acting preparation, it is recommended immediately after application to make the preparation in the soil from 5-15cm. And in the case of No-Till, roll the roller treated area.
The product is compatible with most insecticides, herbicides, biological preparations, fertilizers, and not compatible with chemical fungicides. Shows a synergistic effect with preparations «Biomag», «Biofosforin», «Gaubsin», «Phytodoctor» ruler and micronutrients "Harvest".
Before mixing the components, it is advisable to test the formation of sludge in a separate container.
|Culture||Application rate, l/ha||Method of deposit and standard working solution|
|Sprinkle cereal||1,5-2,5||Crop residues in the field immediately after harvest, 200-400 l / ha. With the subsequent preparation earning soil up to 15 cm.|
|Corn||3,0–4,0||Crop residues in the field immediately after harvest, 300-500 l/ha. With the subsequent preparation earning soil up to 15 cm.|
Preparation of working solution:
- Fill half of the container with water, turn on the mixer and add the chemical components (CAS, nitrate, etc.). Stir until complete dissolution of the components.
- Fill with water and make Biologicals, stir. Write in the field.
- Working solution used within 3 hours.
Terms of storage of the preparation:
Store at temperatures between + 5°C to + 25°C in a dark, protected from direct sunlight.
Shelf life: 6 months.Download, view promotional material